An estimated 37 percent of Russian customers haven't enough money to purchase shoes in the quantities that they actually require, according to research conducted in April by the Russian Central Bank, which said that this was due to a gradual decline in the real incomes of the Russian population. A few weeks earlier, the Russian state statistical service, Rostat, similarly estimated that 35.4 percent of Russian households lacked enough money to purchase shoes for the new season. Both said that the ratio was one of the highest in the past few years. Moreover, Rostat said that up to 80 percent of households hadn't enough money to purchase products above the required quantities, meaning shoes that they may not require “for normal living” but wanted to purchase nonetheless.