As many as 87 percent of the Spanish shoe companies were anticipating an increase in their sales in 2011, according to a survey conducted by Inescop. Their optimism was particularly high with regard to their export sales, with 92.4 percent predicting an increase in European markets and 95.9 percent anticipating increases elsewhere. The 447 firms that participated in the study were expecting average sales increases of 0.4 percent on the Spanish market, 4.3 percent in the rest of the European Union and 4.8 percent in other countries. The companies predicted average price increases of 1.8 percent.