The European Commission is putting pressure on the Cambodian government to stop violating its commitments to various conventions on labor, social and human rights, including the International Labor Organization’s convention on collective bargaining. It is doing so by withdrawing Cambodia’s duty-free access to the market of the European Union, starting on Aug. 12, 2020, for a variety of footwear and apparel products with a low added value. The EU is Cambodia’s largest trading partner, accounting for 45 percent of its exports, of which footwear has a share of 12.6 percent. In the U.S., meanwhile, the American Apparel and Footwear Association (AAFA) has sent a letter to the Cambodian government, signed by several companies including VF Corporation, asking it to present a “roadmap” for action to resolve the “labor and human rights situation” in the country. It wants it to amend the local trade union law, repeal legislation banning certain associations and drop all outstanding criminal charges against labor activists.