No details were available about China's footwear trade, but the country's total exports and imports both contracted in December, raising worries about the growth of the world's second-largest economy and the world's in general. While its trade surplus with the U.S. reached a record high, as U.S. importers front-loaded purchases in expectation of higher import duties, China's total exports fell by 4.4 percent – a record for the past two years. Exports to Hong Kong, Japan and the European Union were all down. On the other hand, China's imports dropped by 7.6 percent for the month, in contrast with analysts' predictions that they would go up.