Recent statistics indicate that the growth in footwear exports from Wenzhou, China’s largest shoe production city, is slowing down from previous annual averages of 33 percent because of the European Union’s anti-dumping duties and the enforcement of social responsibility codes on manufacturers. A total of 270 million pairs were exported from the city in the six months ended June 30, 2007, and they were worth $1.083 billion, up by 21.2 percent compared with the same period last year. The domestic market remained more important for producers in Wenzhou, where 2184 footwear manufacturing enterprises are registered, but this part of their business increased at a slower rate of 15.1 percent to an estimated $1.49 billion during the same 6-month period.