Several reports published in the last few weeks suggested that the European Union was going to impose new anti-dumping duties of 16.5 percent on certain non-athletic leather shoes from a number of suppliers in China and Vietnam. Following consultations with the Confederation of the European Footwear Industry (CEC) and other parties in Brussels, we have been able to determine that the European Commission has not imposed any new duties, but rather confirmed all the anti-dumping that had been charged on these products between 2006 and 2011. The misunderstanding came from the language of regulations issued on Aug. 18 and Sept. 28 by the Commission, which confirmed dumping by some producers in China and Vietnam and thus concluded that it can fully recover the anti-dumping duties paid by the importers. They had been held in escrow pending a legal challenge launched in 2012 by Puma, Timberland and about 20 other brands, which ended up with a ruling of partial invalidity made by the European Court of Justice last Feb. 4.