Shipments of Brazilian shoes increased by 5.6 percent in volume and by 2.6 percent in value in the first nine months of 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018. According to data from the Brazilian Footwear Industries Association (Abicalçados), Brazilian footwear companies exported 83.3 million pairs worth $718.1 million. With 944 million pairs of shoes per year, Brazil is the fifth footwear manufacturer in the world. Brazilian exports benefited from the trade war between the U.S. and China. Footwear exports to the U.S. jumped by 38.4 percent in volume and by 38.1 percent in value. As for footwear imports, Brazil still buys shoes especially from Vietnam, which occupies the top spot, followed by Indonesia, China and Italy, due to its anti-dumping duties on Chinese footwear. In the first nine months of 2019, footwear imports from Italy increased by 24.9 percent in value to $21.8 million, and the increase in volume was of 22.9 percent to 186,000 pairs.