The Portuguese association of shoes, components and leathergoods, Appiccaps, reports that the number of employees in the industry rose to 45,159 at the end of 2016, or 8,100 more than in 2010. The number of people employed in the shoe manufacturing industry went up by 6,529 to 38,661. It rose by 1,104 to 4,942 in the shoe components industry, and by 541 to 1,546 in the leathergoods industry. A dozen new industrial units were created in the hinterland to complement the main clusters to cope with a lack of qualified workers.